Making up about 10 percent of Egypt’s population of 90 million, the Coptic Orthodox form the largest Christian denomination in the Muslim-majority country. Here is a recap of their history, their status today and recent attacks against them. The word “Copt” comes from the same root as the word for “Egyptian” in ancient Greek. The community’s decline started with the Arab invasions of the 7th century and the progressive Islamisation of the country, which today is largely Sunni Muslim. Several churches and monasteries in Egypt are built on sites Copts believe were visited by the Holy Family. A minority is divided between Coptic Catholics and various Coptic Protestant branches. Tawadros, who succeeded pope Shenuda III, was chosen by a blindfolded altar boy picking his name from a chalice, according to tradition. The Catholic Copts, who form part of the Church’s eastern rite, have been headed by patriarch Ibrahim Isaac Sidrak since The Vatican says some , Catholic Copts lived in Egypt in Copts are represented in all social classes across Egypt Poorly represented in government, Copts complain that they are sidelined from many posts in the justice system, universities and the police.
Who are Egypt’s Coptic Christians?
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October 16, Father Samaan Shehata was collecting humanitarian aid for his parish in Beni Suef on 12 October when a man started chasing him with a large knife. He died from serious stab wounds in hospital later that day. The attacker, named as Ahmed-El Sonbaty, stabbed the priest several times before fleeing the scene.
He was later arrested by police. Sonbaty was known to police as an “extremist” with a previous criminal record. The motive behind his attack is unknown but in recent months the minority Coptic community has been targeted repeatedly. Father Samaan was killed on the same day that Egyptian President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi extended a state of emergency, for the second time since April, when deadly Isis bombings struck Coptic churches in Tanta and Alexandria on Easter Sunday.
More than members of the community have been killed since December by militants affiliated to Isis. He claimed it took an hour for an ambulance to arrive and treat the seriously wounded man and that no forensic evidence was collected at the scene. He also alleged that the attacker was immediately declared mentally incapable and did not receive a professional medical diagnosis. Copts in Egypt make up the largest Christian community in the Middle East.
The Hanging Church
Several of my clergy friends liked and commented on a new online dating site called Orthodox and Single. My first reaction, typical for me, was skepticism. Who is this guy and what kind of a website is he selling? So, true to my nature, I emailed his Facebook page and asked him if we could talk.
The Coptic Orthodox Church rejected the Council of Chalcedon because they disagreed with the Christology that was accepted at it. Namely, the Council held that Christ was of two natures (human and divine), while the Coptic Church held that Christ was of one nature (which was both human and divine).
Islamic militants on Friday ambushed a bus carrying Christian pilgrims on their way to a remote desert monastery south of the Egyptian capital, killing at least seven and wounding a dozen more, the Interior Ministry said. All but one of those killed were members of the same family, according to a list of the victims’ names released by the church. The local Islamic State affiliate which spearheads militants fighting security forces in the Sinai Peninsula claimed responsibility for the attack, according to the extremist group’s Amaaq news agency.
Though its claim could be not immediately verified, IS has repeatedly stated its intention to target Egypt’s Christians as punishment for their support of President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi. As defense minister, el-Sissi led the military’s ouster of an Islamist president, whose one-year rule proved divisive. It has claimed responsibility for a string of deadly attacks on Christians dating back to December El-Sissi, who has made the economy and security his top priorities since taking office in , wrote on his Twitter account that Friday’s attack was designed to harm the “nation’s solid fabric” and pledged to continue fighting terrorism.
Persecution of Copts
I often feel ashamed of the cultural heritage of our church and how influenced we are by Arabic and Judaic ideologies. Even some women agree with these sexist ideas and continue to see themselves as submissive and secondary to the men. You only have to walk into our church to see the segregation of men and women. I am not only speaking about during the liturgy, but also during meetings and social events.
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The term fully represents a lifestyle that pertains to both male and female monastics living a cloistered life within the bounds of the monastery and does not signify gender. In the Eastern Byzantine Orthodox Church there is no distinction between a monastery for women and a monastery for men. In the West, however, the terms “nun” and “convent” are being used generically rather than accurately. Orthodox monastics do not have distinct “orders” as in Western Christianity. Orthodox monks and nuns lead identical spiritual lives.
There may be slight differences in the way a monastery functions internally but these are simply differences in style Gr. The hierarchy within female monasteries may either be an independent Abbess chosen by election from the community followed by ecclesiastic consecration or the Bishop of the Diocese where the monastery is located can be both the spiritual director and administrative head Abbot with an elected Mother responsible for the daily practical care of monastery and its cloistered community who reports directly to the Abbot.
The Christian monastic embraces the monastic life as a vocation for God. The rules of monastic life are codified in the “counsels of perfection”. At the start of monasticism, in Egypt, Christians felt called to a more reclusive or eremitic form of monastic living in the spirit of the “Desert Theology” for the purpose of spiritual renewal and return to God.
Saint Anthony the Great is cited by Athanasius as one of these early “Hermit monks”.
The origins of the ancient Coptic Church of Egypt
The modern use of the term “Coptic” describes Egyptian Christians, as well as the last stage of the ancient Egyptian language script. Also, it describes the distinctive art and architecture that developed as an early expression of the new faith. The Coptic Church is based on the teachings of Saint Mark who brought Christianity to Egypt during the reign of the Roman emperor Nero in the first century, a dozen of years after the Lord’s ascension. He was one of the four evangelists and the one who wrote the oldest canonical gospel.
Christianity spread throughout Egypt within half a century of Saint Mark’s arrival in Alexandria as is clear from the New Testament writings found in Bahnasa, in Middle Egypt, which date around the year A. The Coptic Church, which is now more than nineteen centuries old, was the subject of many prophecies in the Old Testament.
Apr 10, · The Coptic Orthodox Church split away from the broader Christian community in A.D. The Coptic Church diverged from other Christians .
The relative antiquity of these as literary idioms is much debated. But the fact is that no Bohairic manuscript and probably no Fayumic manuscript is older than the ninth century, while some Sahidic and Akhimimic codices are apparently as old as the fifth and even the fourth century. In the ninth century Bohairic was flourishing, in Northern Egypt, particularly in the Province of Bohairah hence its name south-west of Alexandria and in the monasteries of the Desert of Nitria, while Sahidic was spread throughout Upper Egypt or Sahid hence the name of Sahidic inclusive of Cairo, having already superseded Fayumic in the Province of Fayum ancient Crocodilopolis and Akhmimic in the region of Akhmim ancient Panopolis.
All of them are now incomplete, but there is hardly any reason to doubt that they once existed in their entirety. It is now considered certain that they were made independently and that their differences are to be traced to a difference between the Greek recensions from which they were translated. There is much discussion between specialists as to the age of the Coptic versions, especially as to which of them was made first.
Saint Barbara Church in Coptic Cairo
History[ edit ] St. It was originally dedicated to Abu Kir and Yohanna or Ss. When the remains of St. Barbara were brought here, a separate sanctuary was built. Thus, there are now two separate churches that were built on this location.
The Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate is under the authority of the Russian Church and has been the officially recognized Orthodox Church in the country.
Described in the first three Gospels Matt Being one of the Great Feasts, there is also a rich heritage of iconography surrounding the Transfiguration of Our Lord. St Catherine’s Monastery, Sinai c. In the apse of the catholicon there is a mosaic of the Transfiguration, dating from the middle of the sixth century. Christ is the centre and focus of the image, his hand held in a blessing, eyes directed at us.
From His body, shafts of light are shown striking each of the five others present: The mosaic captures the drama of the event: All subsequent icons of the Transfiguration vary little from this basic composition.
Any Coptic Orthodox (or Catholic) Christians out there?
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Nov 02, · WBAL Radio AM – Coptic Church: Attack on Christians in Egypt kills 7 Islamic militants ambush three buses carrying Christian pilgrims on their way to .
I’m a 22 year Old man I’m getting my life together to settle down I always tell people its best to be friends before anything, thus throughout the relationship the significant other is your best friend before anything It is usually easier to follow the stream than to stand against it, especially at a young age. Dating can also be practiced mentally only, when the young adult spends hours a day dreaming with all kinds of sexual thoughts even when he is physically alone It is an outing or a meeting between two persons from the opposite sex and frequently leads to physical intimacy or even pre-marital sex.
Dating is usually for the sake of having fun in a very temporary relationship driven by peer pressure. Teenagers think that this is the way to prove their maturity especially when they are in a transition from childhood to adulthood. There is no projected goal or sense of responsibility toward the opposite sex in such a relationship. It also indicates the egocentricity of these relationships since the person cares only for his physical, social and ego satisfaction without caring for the consequences of such relationship on the opposite sex.
Definitely, this kind of relationship is devoid of the true Christian love,which resembles the love of our Lord Jesus Christ to us.
Panoramic view QTVR 2. It is called the Hanging Church because it was built on the southern gate of the Roman Fortress. Logs of palm trees and layers of stones were constructed above the ruins of the Roman fortress to be used as a fundament. From the 7th century to the 13th century, the Hanging Church served as the residence of the Coptic Patriarch. Al-Moallaqa has witnessed important elections and religious ceremonies. The famous miracle of moving the Moqattam Mountain is closely related to al-Moallaqa.
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According to Bishop Eusebius of Caesarea, as well as Coptic traditions, Saint Mark the evangelist, who wrote the earliest of the four New Testament gospels, was the founder and first bishop of the Church of Alexandria, even before the Church of Rome was established. In his landmark History of the Church , written in Greek about the year , Eusebius writes: This is no more than ten years after the date fixed for the death of Jesus, traditionally held to be in AD AD 48 , the holy Peter sent Saint Mark, the father and evangelist, to the city of Alexandria, to announce the good tiding Gospel there “.
While the exact date of composition for the Acts of Mark is uncertain, these traditions are traceable at least to the late fourth or early fifth century. The Acts incorporates two streams of tradition within a single narrative. Detail, painting of Mark the Evangelist. Public Domain The document was originally written in Greek and Coptic, and was rendered into several other languages. The main line of the story in the Acts of Mark goes like this: He went first to Cyrene, in Libya a second version makes him a native of Cyrene where he did a lot of work to convert many to the Christian faith.
While in Cyrene, Mark received a vision that he should go to Alexandria. He arrived in Alexandria the next day and came to a place called Mendion. As he was entering the gate of the city, the strap of his sandal broke, and Mark looked for a cobbler to fix it.